The temporomandibular joint is a small joint located in front of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet. It permits the lower jaw called mandible to move and function. These joints are elastic and allows the smooth movement of the jaw up and down and side by side enabling a person to talk, chew and yawn. Temporomandibular joint pain may occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint and surrounding facial muscles attached to and surrounding the jaw joint which controls the position and movement of the jaw. People with temporomandibular joint disorder can experience severe pain and discomfort that can be temporary or last for many years. Women are actually more prune to having this problem compared to men. This disorder often times occur between ages 20 and 40.
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Finding out the root cause of having temporomandibular joint pain is necessary as this will be your basis for the treatment. One root cause f this problem is having arthritis in the jaw area. Arthritis may be a result of injury inflicted to the jaw or from grating your teeth at night. This problem will also take place once the disk, which is located between the jawbone and the socket, is being dislocated. A dislocated disk causes the clicking or popping sounds, restricted jaw movement as well as inflicts pain when opening and closing the mouth. The displacement may cause a hole or damage thus producing a grilling sound as the joint moves. Trauma on the joint and rheumatoid arthritis are some conditions which causes the temporomandibular joint to fuse which prohibits jaw movement.
Trauma to the jaw or the temporomandibular joint plays a significant role in some cases of temporomandibular joint pain but in most cases, the exact cause of this condition is not clear. Actually, the presence of this problem can be linked to many symptoms. One of the common symptoms is the presence of pain felt when chewing, particularly in the muscle area. Inflexible jaw muscles, restricted movement or locking of the jaw, painful clicking, popping or grating movement in the jaw joint are some other symptom of this disorder which can be experienced when opening or closing the mouth or a change in the way of the upper and lower teeth fit together. Other common symptoms also includes toothaches, headaches, pain in the neck, dizziness, earaches, hearing issues, pain in the upper part of the shoulder as well as ringing in the ears.
Temporomandibular joint pain actually caused discomfort which in some cases, will go away with little or no treatment performed at all. Some people also undergo its symptoms in a long period of time. There are some steps that can be done to somehow alleviate the pain such as eating soft foods, applying ice packs and avoiding intense movements of the jaw. Exercising your jaw will also help as it increases the blood flow and oxygen to the joint and muscles, helping to rejuvenate them. Prescribed pain reliever and simple techniques to reduce stress will also help. One does not also have to undergo higher form of treatment even if symptoms becomes persistent.